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What is a Brachial Plexus Injury?

The term Brachial Plexus Injury (BPI) refers to an injury to the complex set of nerves that control the muscles of the fingers, hand, arm, and shoulder. The nerves originate at the spinal cord and are formed in 3 trunks located in the upper shoulder: the upper trunk from spinal cord segments C5 and C6, the middle trunk from segment C7, and the lower trunk from segments C8 and T1.

Other Terms for BPI.

Terms used to describe a BPI include Erb’s Palsy (an upper trunk injury), Klumpke’s Palsy (a lower trunk injury), Brachial Plexus Palsy, Erb-Duchenne Palsy, Horner’s Syndrome (when facial nerves are also affected), and “Burners” or “Stingers” (usually associated with sports-related brachial plexus injuries). Torticollis is another term sometimes used in conjunction with brachial plexus injuries.

Source - http://www.ubpn.org/?option=com_content&view=article&id=106&Itemid=91

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